What is mortgage loan amortization and how can negative amortization loans help finance your purchases?
An amortization, or to amortize a loan, is the process through which you pay off a loan with particularly structured periodic payments. Amortized loans differ from other loans because of how the amount paid and the structure of payment is decided. Loan amortization is just the procedure of a borrower paying back money borrowed in parts and as a result reducing the outstanding loan amount. This is different from a loan where the borrower repays the full amount once. The major result of mortgage amortization is it minimizes risk for the lender, in terms of both the possibility of repayment and interest rate effects.
Amortization loans are where the borrower makes repayments regularly. These repayments generally cover a large part of the loan amount and an interest payment. Although it is a fixed amount for the principal repayment, the interest repayment might not be. For instance, personal bank loans normally have a fixed interest rate, this means that the amount paid for interest every month is the same amount for the rest of the loan period. With mortgage amortization, the interest rate is typically changeable; this means the repayment amount may change considerably. Also, it is possible to have a set interest rate, but the interest payment amount is different. For instance, loans where interest payment depends on the existing outstanding debt and not the total amount, over time the interest payments will reduce.
The major advantage of mortgage loan amortization to a lender is minimized credit risk. This is basically because if a borrower should fail to pay, the lender would already have all of the money which was repaid. This is different from an all-or-nothing circumstance, in which there is a single repayment. Due to the outstanding debt reducing throughout the loan period means also that a lender in a fixed-rate loan has a constant decrease in exposure to interest rate risk. Meaning that there is less threat that he/she will drop out of the increase of interest rates, therefore isn’t receiving the best return possible from lending money.
The best type of loan amortization is wherein the loan amount is equally split over the loan period. This don’t necessarily have to be the case. In some instances, the real payment amount changes monthly. In other instances, like several mortgages, the payment sum is the same, but the payment size which go toward paying back the balance and paying interest changes. At the beginning of the loan, the amount going toward interest will be higher.
Negative amortization mortgages, or “deferred interest loans”, are seen when, over any period, the loan payment amount is lower than the interest incurred, which means that the unpaid amount of the loan increases. A negative amortization loan is not a sustainable option. The purpose of a negative amortization is to temporarily reduce the monthly payments. Someone may prefer a negative amortization or “interest only mortgage” if he or she is a short-term borrower or if he or she has an unsteady sources of income.
The difference with loan amortization is generally called a bullet loan. This is where the total principal is paid back at the end of the loan period. An amortization mortgage is a general example of this.